Arthritis is inflammation resulting from the degeneration of cartilage in the joint causing pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints resulting in restricted movements. Arthritis of the foot and ankle joint can occur due to fracture, dislocation, inflammatory disease, or congenital deformity.

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Total Ankle Replacements

The ankle joint connects the leg with the foot and provides free movement to the foot. It is formed by connecting the bones of the lower leg, tibia and fibula, with the talus, or ankle bone.

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Hind Foot

The hind foot consists of the talus bone or ankle bone and the calcaneus bone or heel bone. The talus bone is the highest bone in the foot while the calcaneus bone is the largest bone in the foot. The calcaneus joins the talus bone at the subtalar joint enabling the foot to rotate at the ankle.

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Mid Foot

Tarsometatarsal joints are the small joints in the middle foot. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or some unknown conditions may damage the tarsometatarsal joints. The joints may wear out, collapse, cause severe foot deformity and affect the function of the foot.

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Hallux Rigidus (Big Toe)

The most common site of arthritis in the foot is at the base of the big toe. This joint is called the metatarsophalangeal, or MTP joint. It’s important because it has to bend every time you take a step. If the joint starts to stiffen, walking can become painful and difficult.

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  • Revere Health
  • Coral Desert Orthopedics
  • American Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS)
  • American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons